Sunday, December 28, 2008

Mihajlo Apostolski, a Slav Macedonian with Bulgarian Nationality

Mihajlo Apostolski, born as Mihail Apostolov, (Bulgarian: Михаил Апостолов, Михаjло Апостолски) (8 November 1901 in Štip, Ottoman Empire (now Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)-7 August 1987 in Dojran, SFR Yugoslavia (now Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) was a Communist general, politician and historian in Yugoslavia. Between World War I and World War II he entered in an Officer's school in Kingdom of Yugoslavia and became a major. During the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April, 1941, he was captured and interned in a POW camp near Milan by German troops. Shortly after his father made a request to the Bulgarian Minister of Defense, where he wrote, his son was "Bulgarian by origin", his parents too, and he himself was wounded, as a volunteer in the Bulgarian Army during the First World War that Apostolov have to be liberated. The request was granted soon.[1][2][3][4]

the requestsent by the father of Mihail Apostolov from Novo Selo ( district of Shtip)to the Minister of War of the Bulgarian Kingdom. He requests that his sonbe liberated from an Italian POW camp and emphasizes the sincere Bulgarianfeelings of the family.[5]

After his liberation, Apostolov changed his name to Mihajlo Apostolski, entered the Macedonian National Liberation Army (led by Communists) and became a partisan leader in the National Liberation War of Macedonia against Axis-allied Bulgaria. After the Second World War Apostolski became one of the military leaders of new SFRY and since 1967 to 1983 he became President of the Macedonian Academy for Science and Art in Yugoslav Macedonia . In 1995 the Military Academy in the new Republic of Macedonia was named "Mihajlo Apostolski".[5]

Mihajlo Apostolski is  a similar  case of the Greek "Akronauplia" when  twenty-seven high-ranking communistic cadres were released by the Gernlans in June 1941 from the Akronauplia prison camp, where they were under detention by the Greek authorities. They owed their release to the intervention of the Bulgarian embassy in Athens. They too declared Bulgarian nationality, although a few like Andrcas Tzimas or Samariniotis who later played a key role in political developments, were not Slav Macedonian. Most of them came from the districts of Kastoria and Florina, and included some of the protagonists in the events to be described below:

Lazaros Adamopoulos or Danios of Oinoi (Kastoria)
Lazaros Zisiadis or Trpovski of Dendrochori (Kastoria),
Zisis Kallimanis of Kalochori (Kastoria),
Theodoros Euthynuadis of Kastoria,
Anastasios Karatzas of Dendrochori,
Zisis Delios or Batzios of Kalochori,
Kyriakos Pylnis of Xynon Neron (Flonna),
Lanipros Moschos of Dendrochori,
L:lnipros Roukas of Ieropig (Kastoria),
Dianlantis Tsistinas or
Dalis of Kastoria, Andreas Tsipas of Agios I'nnteleimon (Florina)
and Lazaros Bozinis of Aposkepos (Kastoria)

More informations fo the "Akronauplia" in the book of John Koliopoulos with the title "Plundered Loyalities". 

Apostolski case is a historical fact that the Slavic population of the FYROM has changed its national identity four times during the 20th century, wavering from Bulgarian to Serbian to Bulgarian to "Macedonian," the insistence of Skopje not to give up its "Macedonian" identity feeds increasingly Athens' suspicions that Skopje's end goal is the eventual claim of all Macedonian territories (Greece, Bulgaria, and Albania). For more than 18 years Skopje has done all possible to maintain its "Macedonian" identity and increasingly forces the issue through speeches or deeds of its governments, blaming Greece for all the ills of the FYROM society, as if it is a spoiled child in a tantrum.

[1]- Dimitre Minchev (Military Publishing House, Sofia, 2002) Bulgarian Camagne Committees in Macedonia - 1941, Shtip, July 23, 1941, Document № 41. 
[2]-Македонизмът и съпротивата на Македония срещу него Коста Църнушанов, Унив. изд. "Св. Климент Охридски", София, 1992, стр. 179 
[3]-A request from Mite Apostolov Matovski, father of Mihail Apostolski. 
[4]-Bulgarian Central Military Archives (CMA), fund 20, list 4, file 25. 

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